Wednesday, May 17, 2006

Section Two: COMMODITY ECOLOGY: The 54 Commodity Choices and "Bio-Nationalization"

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This is a contination of Section One's Commodity Ecology description.

SECTION TWO: THE 54 COMMODITY CHOICES Tailored to the Multiple, Local Jurisdictional Priorities of "Bio-Nationalization"


Mere corruption and environmental degradation in particular areas comes from letting private interests--without any public feedback--decide privately what materials are to be vetted and given to the consuming public.

If it is democratization of materials we are talking about in sustainability, this is in the interest of the democratization of risk assessment. Here risk assessment means full democratic and geographically specific input into material choices in an ongoing evaluative and re-evaluative institutional process for specific geographies (to be discussed in Section Three).

This is premised on the idea--that because of the health, ecological, and economic sustainability issues and particularly due to the externality issues--all material choice issues are innately public and politicized issues.

This means that material choice issues are to be "un-nationalistically nationalized" i.e., democratically "nationalized" and watershed-based. This fails to mean that all raw materials are to be "owned" in bulk by the bioregional state. It merely means that the process of commodity choice will be derived from an ongoing locally democratic risk assessment, in all materials, instead of the gatekeeping framework of both public states and private interests (in many cases working in tandem) that imposes risk upon us all instead of alleviating it. (A discussion of the particular frameworks of the ongoing institutionalized democratic risk assessment in materials is in Section Three.)

The watershed is the most ecologically and politically sound material jurisdiction. It and its people are the primary jurisdiction over these material decisions. This fails to mean that different watersheds are unable to come to the same consumptive solutions for themselves. It simply means that there is a process for them to decide on this for themselves in each watershed, regardless.

Since raw materials and technological manipulation of them are an inseperable hand in glove issue, technologies would remain private developmentally, it is suggested. However, because of the externalities issues involved in materials choices, all commodity choices are innately public issues. Because technologies are intimately related to manipulating particular (choices of) commodities and institutionalizing that choice in many ways in the built environment of technology, such "bio-nationalization" via democratic risk assessment on commodity choices would have an effect toward turning private technological development toward institutionalizing more sustainable and bioregionally specific technological paths as a consequence, specific to each watershed/bioregion's commodity ecology of relationships.

Instead of centrally nationalized, they would be "bioregionally nationalized" for specific bioregions and watersheds. As discussed at more length in the book Toward a Bioregional State, watershed citizen-resident based populations shall have jurisdictional primacy in these decisions due to it affecting their local human health, ecological durability, and economic sustainability for particular areas more other areas. This has proven the case already in the way that Maine "bio-nationalized" (so to speak) its lobstering grounds. It's exactly what I'm talking about here.

Feedback from the public shall be on what materials they want to consume, and which ones they despise for health, ecological, and economic sustainability rationales that should be phased out.

To get more specific on the particular ramifications of this local watershed jurisdiction in materials choice and monitoring oversight both in how it is conceived and organized (this leads into Section Three), this democratization of risk assessment is involved in (I would conjecture) 54 different consumptive positions of use.

These 54 commodity choices face people daily. When material choices are "bio-nationalized" for open democratic watershed based developmentalism and sustainability, these material choices will have more public input into decisions of use, instead of being gatekept and forced into unsustainable relationships and processes by consolidated private actors without long term views of anything sustainable.

As Section Three describes, this additionally implies an "institution of the bioregionalist economy" which encourages this watershed agreement of producer-consumer/citizen relationships. This is achieved in particular geographies through an ongoing process of developmental discussion and public feedback over health, ecology, and economic issues for the durabilty of their areas--and thus caretaking their watershed ecology, their own bodily health, and the health of their economy at the same moment.

Instead of private groups innately being opposed, within these institutions these 54 commodity institutionalizations would be working together on sustainability with consumers instead of against them in an ongoing process.

Commodity ecology will look something like watershed-based material frameworks of interaction, or a "watershed Gaviotas". It should employ high level science to do it as much as various grass roots strategies, along with additional changing existing institutional frameworks (described in Section Three).

We require a decentralized Royal Society for finding mechanisms to integrate the 54 in particular commodity ecology relationships, specific to each watershed. And we require several test watersheds worldwide in each larger bioregional area to provide working examples of the interactions--to be able to work out the kinks and provide demonstration models, similar to Gaviotas, for fine tuning issues to each of the smaller watersheds. Models are important here: one for each ecoregion (see map above) should be the goal, from which fine tuning could be moved outward into each watershed.

"The perfection of the material world" is a good definition of civilization. However, a society that is consciously destroying itself--intentionally and knowledably--simply because of a lack of political will or corruption in materials choices is hardly a "civilization". Ecological engineering moves toward that "civilization."


Below is a list of historical books describing the detailed and highly politized issues of commodity choices for particular commodity positions. They are derived from my reading and pondering about the very political history of commodities and their competition and interaction. (See one of the several opening comments of my "commodity biography" lists at for more on this: "Hopefully I can help you parse out this complicated historical issue of contentions among commodities as really contentions among people and politics for the same position of use, battling with each others' interests.") And all commodity choices have political purposes. The political purposes here are for sustainability--instead of self-destructive unsustainability. Democratizing commodity choice, on the grounds of community risk assessment and local developmental priority of jurisdiction, are rights in the bioregional state. The "bio-nationalization" of commodity choice is one of the implications of this:

Bioregional democracy (or the Bioregional State) is a set of electoral reforms designed to force the political process in a democracy to better represent concerns about the economy, the body, and environmental concerns (e.g., water quality), toward developmental paths that are locally prioritized and tailored to different areas for their own specific interests of sustainability and durability. This movement is variously called bioregional democracy, watershed cooperation, or bioregional representation, or one of various other similar names--all of which denote democratic control of a natural commons and local jurisdictional dominance in any economic developmental path decisions--while not removing more generalized civil rights protections of a larger national state.

After each section, when applicable, there are general comments about where I would argue commodity ecology would definitely lead us, offered only as rumination on these relationships.

1. TEXTILES / CLOTHING (wool, cotton, silk, hemp, synthetics, ramie, linen, furs, etc.)

'A Plague of Sheep : Environmental Consequences of the Conquest of Mexico (Studies in Environment and History)'
'Big Cotton: How A Humble Fiber Created Fortunes, Wrecked Civilizations, and Put America on the Map'
'World Textiles: A Concise History (World of Art)'
'World Textiles: A Visual Guide to Traditional Techniques'
'Chinese Silk: A Cultural History'
'Cloth and Human Experience (Smithsonian Series in Ethnographic Inquiry)'
'Women's Work: The First 20,000 Years : Women, Cloth, and Society in Early Times'
'The Emperor Wears No Clothes', by Jack Herer (on hemp)

likely moving to hemp clothing; demoting cotton pollution, cotton plantationism; silk raising is an excellent rural developmental and wealth transfer material for impoverished rural areas; demoting cotton plantationism would demote a huge chunk of the pollution generated by other corporate chemical pesticides herbicides industries, demoting algal blooms that lead to deoxygenated "dead zones" increasingly found in the near ocean around continental areas practicing such agriculture, etc.

2. DYES / COLORANTS/ PIGMENTS (murex, cochineal, synthetic chemicals, derived organic coal based chemicals)

'Colors: The Story of Dyes and Pigments'
'Mauve: How One Man Invented a Color That Changed the World'
'A Perfect Red : Empire, Espionage, and the Quest for the Color of Desire'
'Wild Color'
'A Weaver's Garden : Growing Plants for Natural Dyes and Fibers'
'Natural Dyes and Home Dyeing (Formerly Titled: Natural Dyes in the United States)'
'The Art and Craft of Natural Dyeing: Traditional Recipes for Modern Use'
'A Dyer's Garden: From Plant to Pot Growing Dyes for Natural Fibers'

move to natural dyes, and/or biodegradable chemical dyes where chemists are tasked with giving synthetic dyes some unlikely chemical 'key' that will break it down on command only; In other words it would be durable and locked out of the environment as well as humanly useful, until that chemical key is used and it is remediated when it is recycled.


'The Substance of Civilization : Materials and Human History From the Stone Age to the Age of Silicon'
'Brick: A World History'
'American Plastic: A Cultural History'
'Pandora's Poison: Chlorine, Health, and a New Environmental Strategy'
'Infrastructure: A Field Guide to the Industrial Landscape'
'Alternative Construction : Contemporary Natural Building Methods'
'Encyclopedia of Wood: A Tree-By-Tree Guide to the World's Most Valuable Resource'
'What Wood Is That: A Manual of Wood Identification (Studio Book)'
'The Book of Bamboo: A Comprehensive Guide to This Remakable Plant, Its Uses, and Its History'
'Bamboo World'
'The Forested Land: A History of Lumbering in Western Washington'
'Railroads and Clearcuts: Legacy of Congress's 1864 Northern Pacific Railroad Land Grant'
'Wedgwood: The First Tycoon' [hardly, though interesting look on one case of the origins of global brand names and mass manufacture in something that no one had attempted to scale before outside of China: pottery. Amongst other things, how physical issues of pottery were changed along with styles, cultural appreciation, etc.]
'Natural Stone a Guide to Selection: Studio Marmo (Norton Books for Architects & Designers)'
'The Big Book of Ceramics: A Guide to the History, Materials, Equipment, and Techniques of Hand-Building, Molding, Throwing, Kiln-Firing, and Glazing'
'Oak: The Frame of Civilization'
'Materials in Today's World, Second Edition'
'The History and Use of Our Earth's Chemical Elements: A Reference Guide' reference book of thumbnail histories of elemental isolation/'discovery', uses, dangers, toxicities, physical characteristics, etc.

move to sustainable forest products co-operatives; still using clays, berm, bamboo, plastics only with biodegradable 'keys'; still using stones, solar fired ceramics, geothermal fired ceramics, other energies for firing ceramics, bricks, etc. There are many other construction designs being fielded in the first decade of the 21st century: look to the bioregional book list for other building construction designs; the requirement that there be different watershed based jurisictional issues for building construction, instead of internationalized frameowrks of design, and more toward the "ritual house" motif that would intimate local uses of particular ecological factors inbuilt into architecture for energy use for example; other energy based sources of steel; come up with novel alloys and more "transmaterials" derived from recycling--ideally, more and more recycling products should become building products; ban nanotech for its dangerous health implications that have already been found; wood, a structural material, shoudl be banned from paper manufacture, because it destroys the composite aspect of wood--a truly misapplied use of wood for paper pulp, when hemp for example is so much better. ; from waste items, perhaps, such pulps should go into papers only.

4. METALS (definitely in the building material section as well, though metals provide historically a far structurally sounder (in some senses, others hardly so) building and tool construction material)

'Lost Secrets of the Sacred Ark : Amazing Revelations of the Incredible Power of Gold'
'The Death of Nature : Women, Ecology, and the Scientific Revolution' [in this list, because of the book's discussion of European mining and the strategically mobilized ideological changes concerning human relations with the earth associated with and popularized by miners during the period when miners seriously expanded in Europe.]
'Mining California : An Ecological History'
'Mercury; a history of quicksilver'
'A Nation of Steel : The Making of Modern America, 1865-1925 (Johns Hopkins Studies in the History of Technology)'
'States, Firms, and Raw Materials: The World Economy and Ecology of Aluminum'
'From Monopoly to Competition : The Transformations of Alcoa, 1888-1986'
'History of Silver'
'The Map That Changed the World: William Smith and the Birth of Modern Geology'
_The Seashell on the Mountaintop: A Story of Science, Sainthood, and the Humble Genius Who Discovered a New History of the Earth

novel metals/alloys; find ways to demote mercury use in mining operations; "ecologize" mining to the degree possible; stop all strip mining and mountaintop removal mining "techniques"; ecologically modernize the chemicals used in mining; completely demote uranium metal use since its DNA-binding and pyrophoric qualities are deadly for billions of years


'Garbage Land : On the Secret Trail of Trash'
'Fat of the Land: The Garbage Of New York--The Last Two Hundred Years'
'Rubbish!: The Archaeology of Garbage'
'The Waste Crisis : Landfills, Incinerators, and the Search for a Sustainable Future '

close all incinerators and landfills--these are the raw materials to be fed back into novel uses instead; all materials require analysis to determine how they can demote this category, ideally; this category ideally will entirely vanish or only be a "resting point or sorting point" with ecological engineering of the frameworks of materials so that none get sociologially left out or disembedded from human use at any stage; garbage is mostly a sociological phenomena of disembedded materials instead of "useless" materials; toxic sludge outlawed as an agricultural application due to heavy metal content as well as how medicines are getting into such croplands because stupid medicial chemists have created nonbiodegradable chemicals for various drugs; and/or find novel ways to remove heavy metals and drug content; urban animals to eat up organic sorted garbage (category 5 thus mixed with category 9; some cities have already gone over to complete organic bioremediation of "garbage" via Living Machines and by composting, instead of through landfills and incineration.


'Dirt : The Ecstatic Skin of the Earth'
'Out of the Earth: Civilization and the Life of the Soil'
'Secrets to a Successful Greenhouse and Business : A Complete Guide to Starting and Operating A High-Profit Organic or Hydroponic Business That Benefits the Environment'

find way to utilize different soil types to the best crops in a particular watershed, instead of using pesticides/herbicies chemically; find novel crop rotational frameworks that will be suited to different soil-bioregional frameworks; find more ways to remediate polluted soil; stop urban sprawl from paving over the best agricultural lands

7. DRUG / MEDICINES (despite journalists or policy makers talking about 'drugs' as a category, there are closer to five seperate categories of drugs with of course some overlap of effects within the larger consumptive set position of 'medicines': STIMULANTS, HALLUCINOGENS, INTOXICANTS, NARCOTICS, and HYPNOTICS. Other medicines are based on learing how the body works, nutritionally and electrochemically, instead of allopathically manipulating it.)

'Opium : A History'
'Forces of Habit : Drugs and the Making of the Modern World'
'Health Wars'
'Tobacco: A Cultural History of How an Exotic Plant Seduced Civilization'
'Opium, Empire and the Global Political Economy; A Study of the Asian Opium Trade (Asia's Transformations)'

'The World of Caffeine; The Science and Culture of the World's Most Popular Drug'
'States and Social Evolution: Coffee and the Rise of National Governments in Central America'
'Coffee and Power : Revolution and the Rise of Democracy in Central America'
_Tea: Addiction, Exploitation, and Empire
_The Empire Of Tea

'Cannabis : A History'
'The Proteus Effect: Stem Cells and Their Promise for Medicine'
'Cleansing the Doors of Perception : The Religious Significance of Entheogenic Plants and Chemical'
'Gin : The Much Lamented Death of Madam Geneva'
'Cocaine: An Unauthorized Biography'

'Dope, Inc.: The Book That Drove Henry Kissinger Crazy'
'The Miraculous Fever-Tree : Malaria and the Quest for a Cure That Changed the World'
'Chloroform : The Quest for Oblivion'
'Ether Day : The Strange Tale of America's Greatest Medical Discovery and the Haunted Men Who Made It'
'Ginseng: How to Find, Grow, and Use America's Forest Gold'

'Drugs, Oil, and War: The United States in Afghanistan, Colombia, and Indochina'
'World Without Cancer'
'A History Of The World In Six Glasses'
'The Cancer Conspiracy: Betrayal, Collusion and the Suppression of Alternative Cancer Treatments'
'The Cancer Cure That Worked: 50 Years of Suppression'

'Essiac: A Native Herbal Cancer Remedy'
'Energy Medicine: The Scientific Basis'
'Cross Currents'
'The Body Electric: Electromagnetism and the Foundation of Life'
'Politics in Healing'

'Questioning Chemotherapy'
'Vaccinations 100 Years of Orthodox Research'
'Evidence of Harm : Mercury in Vaccines and the Autism Epidemic: A Medical Controversy'
'A Shot in the Dark'
'The Cancer Industry, New Updated Edition'

_Super drug story: A factological history of America's $10,000,000,000 drug cartel [rare book nearly banned by the powerful U.S. drug of the first exposes written in the 1950s. or _The new drug story: A factological history of America's $10,000,000,000 drug cartel--it's methods, operations, hidden ownership, profits, and terrific impact on the health of the American people (1958)]
_The Crime and Punishment of I.G. Farben
_Aspirin : The Remarkable Story of a Wonder Drug
'Herbs Against Cancer: History and Controversy'
'Immunization Theory Vs. Reality: Expose on Vaccinations'

'Fluoride the Aging Factor: How to Recognize and Avoid the Devastating Effects of Fluoride'
'Fluoride: Drinking Ourselves to Death'
'The Virus and the Vaccine : The True Story of a Cancer-Causing Monkey Virus, Contaminated Polio Vaccine, and the Millions of Americans Exposed'
'Vaccine A: The Covert Government Experiment That's Killing Our Soldiers--And Why GI's Are Only The First Victims'
'Unavoidably Dangerous: Medical Hazards of Synthetic HRT'

'The Truth About the Drug Companies: How They Deceive Us and What to Do About It'
'The Big Fix: How the Pharmaceutical Industry Rips Off American Consumers (Publicaffairs Reports)'
'Inside the FDA: The Business and Politics Behind the Drugs We Take and the Food We Eat'
'Let Them Eat Prozac: The Unhealthy Relationship Between the Pharmaceutical Industry and Depression'
'The Antidepressant Era'

'The Creation of Psychopharmacology'
'Toxic Psychiatry : Why Therapy, Empathy and Love Must Replace the Drugs, Electroshock, and Biochemical Theories of the "New Psychiatry"'
'The $800 Million Pill : The Truth behind the Cost of New Drugs'
'Excitotoxins: The Taste That Kills'

most plant drugs will likely still be used because of the innate interaction of them to the human nervous system; demote synthetic drugs and surgeries; demote radioactive cancer 'treatments' toward more health sound nutritional therapies; Rife machines; surgery of course still to occurm though arrange the sociology of medicine in such a way that the drug companies that peddle death giving materials are demoted and only one choice among many; as Benjamin Rush wanted, medical freedom should be a basic human right.

Rush believed that Americans should enshrine the right to medical freedom in their Constitution, much as the right to freedom of religion is expressly guaranteed in that document. Rush is reported to have argued that "Unless we put Medical Freedom into the Constitution, the time will come when medicine will organize into an undercover dictatorship . . . to restrict the art of healing to one class of men, and deny equal privilege to others, will be to constitute the Bastille of Medical Sience. All such laws are un-American and despotic and have no place in a Republic ... The Constitution of this Republic should make special privilege for Medical Freedom as well as Religious Freedom."


'First Foods'

organics, ban baby formula; ban baby soy; breast milk, find ways to filter out toxins from mothers' milk for their own health and the health of the child

[more to come in this section, and in the next section...]

9. MEAT/ANIMAL BASED FOOD (cats, dogs, lions, tigers, bears, elk, seal, fish, whale, oh yeah, cows and pigs)

meat organics, demote large factory farms, make them illegal on hee grounds; oceanic coast guard enforcing bans on certain species for possible recovery, like tuna and whales particularly


organic fruits and vegetables, if bodily integrity of consumers can be maintained, use of RFID or something to provide more information to the consumer about the full path a commodity takes to them, which is their right to know. The RFID issue is a tricky one, particuarly since if consumers have a right to know the full commodity path to them in the bioregional state, what is to protect the coporations from turning the tables on the consumer and using the information to monitor them in a police state after their purchase, which should be illegal, because it has ceased to be associated with the seller after consumer purchase and thus has stopped being theirs? There will be a post about RFID soon on these issues...

11. PACKING MATERIALS (shrink wrap, celluloid/cellophane, packaging, cardboard, Styrofoam, sawdust, food wrapping, plastic bags, zip bags, aluminum foil, compostable bags, etc., permanent trash versus compostable reusable packaging, paper bags, lead cans, tin cans, etc.)

find ways to utilize, where possible, processed (composted, santized) packing materials from organics or farm products wastes; ban long lived toxins like styrofoam, or strictly limit their uses away from disposable environments, etc.; there are many other options here to demote unsutainability and "cradle to cradle" approach of these materials instead--which may actually be best to go back into their own consumptive position once more...); ban all chemicals that fail to have engineered into their material science the capacity to biodegrade if they are to be used as disposable consumer items; materials that avoid bioseepage or tainting, etc.

(mentioned above in the 'garbage' areas, though it is really only a partial link of course; fodders are animal based foods that humans are unable to break down like raw grasses and other items; this could of course go into the animal section perhaps will with then animal section; different enough for its own section even though it would include almost everything in the vegetable one and the meat one; food items for animals that humans reject or are without nutritional basis for human beings; grass, slop, organic trash, weeds, hay, hemp fibers, remaindering, etc., some corporations feed cattle (and thus you!) sawdust, rotten disease animals, concrete dust, road kill, margarine (that is what it was invented for, lots of forced drugging (that gets into the consumer), fattening animals from waste products) euthanized pets, concrete dust, to fatten up and make beef cattle heavier (literally))

sever the remaindering of animals that go back into (non meat eating animals) like cattle, that may be one of the links to populating and expanding BSE diseases like mad cow; a lot can be done here to provide animals healthy food that in turn provide humans with healthy food; "don't panic, buy organic."hmm, are their things that animals stomachs could eat that was a form of remediation without providing toxic side effects for the animals or in their own wastes?; plants are used to already bioacculate poisons in toxic urban soils, etc.

13. MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS (the list here would be so extensive that it would be ridiculous to give even a short one!);

remember that Caribbean steel drums started out only in the 1940s, or 1946 exactly, in Trinidad, as a creative recycling issue...; even Gaviotas makes musical instruments.

14. REMEDIATION (Living Machines, bioaccumulating plants, hydrocarbon-remediating fungi, etc.)

this would be useful as similar to Living Machines, by providing "half steps" toward making items that would be of commodity use as the Living Machines do. Remediation category of consumptive position is novel to human beings: it was perhaps invented by the 1970s. "Stamets has discovered is that mycelium also breaks down hydrocarbons —the base structure in many pollutants. So, for instance, when soil contaminated with diesel oil is inoculated with strains of oyster mushroom mycelia, the soil loses its toxicity in just eight weeks." (_Mycelium Running) However, remediation should be far more than 'end of pipe' wishful thinking that would keep poor material choices that generate externalities intact!

15. INSECT BASED FOOD (particuarly in South-east Asia or the Amazon, this category is much larger than European heritage cultures ever could imagine, where some Southeast Asian 'fast food' can be literally a glass fronted buffet case full of different tasty insects, sold by the pound)

'Robbing the Bees : A Biography of Honey--The Sweet Liquid Gold that Seduced the World'
'Sweetness and Light : The Mysterious History of the Honeybee'
'Bees In America: How The Honey Bee Shaped A Nation'

organic honey operations, experiment on different health uses of differnet local honeys which have been shown to have the pollen in them to demote allergies in particular areas; sell local honey as commodity for rural development as well as its medicine capacities; chocolate covered bumblebees, anyone?

16. TRANSPORT (horses, camels, llama, cars, trains, planes, space shuttles, etc.)

'The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Horse Breeds (Illustrated Encyclopedias (Booksales Inc))'
'Watt's Perfect Engine : Steam and the Age of Invention (Revolutions in Science)'
'Steam : The Untold Story of America's First Great Invention'
'Empire Express : Building the First Transcontinental Railroad'
'Electric and Hybrid Cars: A History'
'Wings of Wood, Wings of Metal'
'The Hunt for Zero Point: Inside the Classified World of Antigravity Technology'
'Electrogravitics Systems: Reports on a New Propulsion Methodology'
'Bicycle: The History'

_Barons of the Sky: From Early Flight to Strategic Warfare
_Of Bicycles, Bakelites, and Bulbs

bicycles, cities with free bike programs; cities and infrastructure that allows for consumer choice instead of forcing them into one particular style of transporation; remove permanent car road subsidies for expansion; private and state run or charity run; free or cheaper fix/repair my bike days; electrogravitics technology opened up; demote all oil and gas as toxic for humans as well as the planetary environment (carbon in the atmosphere); railroads off different energy like magnetolevitation trains; perhaps electrogravitics; solar electric cars, self-recharable cars, who requires a plug?; public transportation buses already generate some of their own power via putting generators in the wheelbase, so when the bus is running itself, it is creating (via electromagnetic dynamos) as well as using its own energy.

17. POLLENATORS (from 'commodified' bees shipped around for where none exist; to people pollenators, in making bulk vanilla; sonics)

'Letters from the Hive : An Intimate History of Bees, Honey, and Humankind'
'Robbing the Bees : A Biography of Honey--The Sweet Liquid Gold that Seduced the World'

bees are about it really, keep them from being killed off with pollution; there are experiments with sonics for expanding yields, see Sonic Bloom, though still that is hardly a pollenator...

18. FERTILIZERS (guano, rotten fish, corporate chemicals toxic cocktails, organic compost)

'The Great Guano Rush: Entrepreneurs and American Overseas Expansion'
'The 13th Element: The Sordid Tale of Murder, Fire, and Phosphorus'

organic fertilizers like mentioned at sonic; mineral rock dust from quarries actually does wonders to bring about soil replenishment of lost minerals; perhaps ban phosphates fertilizers due to the huge oceanic destruction in 'dead zones' popping up regularly ever since just post WWII (link between fertlizers and dirt/soil and metals)


'Our Stolen Future : How We Are Threatening Our Fertility, Intelligence and Survival-- A Scienti'
'Our Children's Toxic Legacy : How Science and Law Fail to Protect Us from Pesticides, Second Edition'
'Living Downstream : A Scientist's Personal Investigation of Cancer and the Environment (Vintage)'
'The Organic Gardener's Handbook of Natural Insect and Disease Control : A Complete Problem-Solving Guide to Keeping Your Garden and Yard Healthy Without Chemicals'

sonic bloom frameworks of fertilizers

20. MINERAL FOOD (typically only one: salt, sometimes earth/clays/dirt)

'Salt : A World History'
'Salt: Grain of Life'

sea salt, cleaned of its pollutants; demote various polluting salt boiling industries if they are using unsustainable energy supplies

21. PRESERVATIVES (salt, smoke, sun-dry/dehydrate, chemical, sugared, vacuum sealed, pickled, dry freeze, etc.)

'Pickled, Potted, and Canned: How the Art and Science of Food Preserving Changed the World'
'Cod: A Biography of the Fish That Changed the World'

untoxic preservative technology; plastic lining of clear plastic polyurathane cans (like in water bottles for instance or milk jugs) recently found very bio-toxic to humans; people got rid of lead solder from the preservatives position of cans, many more changes are possible.

22. COMMUNICATION / TRANSMISSION TECHNOLOGY (voice/sound, paper/rags/hemp, mud brick cuneiform, silk rolls, papyrus, digital computers, pony express, telephone/telegraph, smoke signals from fires, semaphore, electrified metals/conductors, electromagnets, etc. For the record, though the whole "me first" matters little to me, though because it does to others, they should note that in China people mass printed books and more--with movable type--from the mid 800s...more than 600 years before Europe. See China book.)

'The Story of Libraries'
'The Book Before Printing : Ancient, Medieval and Oriental'
'The Genius of China: 3,000 Years of Science, Discovery and Invention'
'A History of Mass Communication, First Edition : Six Information Revolutions'
'The Evolution of the Book'

'Servants of Nature: A History of Scientific Institutions, Enterprises, and Sensibilities' [surprised to note some people 'found no theme' in the book. When I read it, it seemed to provide excellent examples of how the MEDIA through which discoveries were made influences socialization--for instance, CAPACITIES of printing out multiple copies and sharing more widely turned socialization of knowledge from 'preservation of codexes, commenting,' to 'sharing the same identical copy and critiqing'.]
'The Nature of the Book: Print and Knowledge in the Making'
'The Coming of the Book: The Impact of Printing 1450-1800 (Verso Classics, 10)'
'Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism'

_The Great Book of Hemp
_The Emperor Wears No Clothes: The Authoritative...
'The Printing Press as an Agent of Change (Volumes 1 and 2 in One)'
'The Printing Revolution in Early Modern Europe (Canto)'
'Copies in Seconds : How a Lone Inventor and an Unknown Company Created the Biggest Communication Breakthrough Since Gutenberg--Chester Carlson and the Birth of the Xerox Machine'

'The Dream Machine : J.C.R. Licklider and the Revolution That Made Computing Personal'
'Weaving the Web: The Original Design and Ultimate Destiny of the World Wide Web'
_The Search: How Google...
'Driving Force: The Natural Magic of Magnets'
'Hidden Attraction : The History and Mystery of Magnetism '

'The Man Who Changed Everything : The Life of James Clerk Maxwell'
'The Victorian Internet'
'The Early History of Radio: From Faraday to Marconi (I E E History of Technology Series)'
'Wireless: From Marconi's Black-Box to the Audion (Transformations: Studies in the History of Science and Technology)'
'Signor Marconi's Magic Box: The Most Remarkable Invention of the 19th Century and the Amateur Inventor Whose Genius Sparked a Revolution'

'The Last Lone Inventor : A Tale of Genius, Deceit, and the Birth of Television'
'No Sense of Place : The Impact of Electronic Media on Social Behavior '
'Double Fold : Libraries and the Assault on Paper (Vintage)'
'Enforcing Normalcy: Disability, Deafness, and the Body'
_history of photography

clean computers manufacture (incredibly toxic industry); find material substitutes for silver nitrate based paper photography; perhaps organic life based bio-computers like the ubiquitous "they" are talking about, and forget toxic silicons; copy machines that "copy" to portable magentic disks instead of to paper, or actually uploads automatically the images for retrieval later; truly durable papers and storage mediums, instead of the destruction of libraries throughout the 20th century by truly insane practices (see book _Double Fold); education in memory training techniques expanded

23. CONDIMENTS / FLAVORINGS (different sociologically, though historically have overlapped with much of consumptive set of preservatives; for instance, people get used to the flavor of what were in origin effects of particular preservative technologies; afterwards, in an era of widespread ice and refrigeration, many preservative techniques become 'heirloom tastes' and are considered flavorings in their own right; people forget there was an historical purpose for it besides the taste once...)

'Vanilla : The Cultural History of the World's Favorite Flavor and Fragrance'
'Spice : The History of a Temptation'
'Nathaniel's Nutmeg: Or the True and Incredible Adventures of the Spice Trader Who Changed the Course of History'
'The Scents of Eden: A History of the Spice Trade'
'The Cinnamon Stick: Tales of the Spice Trade'
'Secrets of Saffron: The Vagabond Life of the Worlds Most Seductive Spice'
'Dangerous Tastes: The Story of Spices' [less a book, and more a 'short encyclopedia' of esoteric spices rarely used, with many very short thumbnail sketches]
_excitotoins: the taste that kills
_Sweet misery; story of aspartame

culinary experiments on differne condiment arrangements; demoting all synthetic and dangerous condiments banning them entirely like MSG etc.; aspartame; bannning neutriceuticals over loads of certain ones are harmful;


'The Gifts of the Magi: Gold, and Frankincense, and Myrrh (Gifts of the Magi)'

ban pthalates

25. COOKING IMPLEMENTS / PURIFIERS / CLEANSERS / CONCENTRATORS (soap, water, membrane sieves, clays, metals, boilers, diatomaceous earth, ultrasound, gas diffusion/heat, etc.)

'On Food and Cooking: The Science and Lore of the Kitchen'
'A History of Cooks and Cooking (Food)'
'The Forge and the Crucible : The Origins and Structure of Alchemy'
'Secrets of Nature: Astrology and Alchemy in Early Modern Europe (Transformations: Studies in the History of Science and Technology)'
'Theurgy, or the Hermetic Practice: A Treatise on Spiritual Alchemy'
'Promethean Ambitions : Alchemy and the Quest to Perfect Nature'
'Alchemy Tried in the Fire : Starkey, Boyle, and the Fate of Helmontian Chymistry'
'The Aspiring Adept: Robert Boyle and his Alchemical Quest'
_history of microwaves (terrible technology should be banned for cooking, dangerous to the nutritional value of plants and destroys the healtful energy organization of water; see: link

_Crucibles: The Story of Chemistry
_The Chemical Tree: A History ofChemistry

ban teflon carcinogenic toxins in cookware; non-toxic based cookware that avoids "metal or toxin bleed" into the food; already there are nonreactive high strenght glass cookwares; stainless steel cookwares; different glass mixtures tested; ban aluminum and teflon surface cookware as deadly because of neurological and carcinogenic issues, respectively; certainly there is something else that can be found if they wanted to...scince is hardly dead, corporate investment policies have attempted to kill off more healthful frameworks though because of supply versus demand issues, mentioned earlier...

26. PROTECTANTS (paint, plastic, electroplate, glass, bulletproof glass, etc.)

'Old Paint: A Medical History of Childhood Lead-Paint Poisoning in the United States to 1980'

paint issues; move to even more untoxic paints, experiments on this; on how some of the outputs of other sections can go into paints perhaps

27. RETARDANTS (asbestos, inflammable materials, deoxygenators, glass, etc.)

'Magic Mineral to Killer Dust : Turner & Newall and the Asbestos Hazard '

banning asbestos, etc. find a list of fire fighting chemicals and go through them to demote toxic ones

28. INSULATORS (wool, ice, sawdust, fur, straw, fiberglass, rags, vacuums, solid glass, plastic, stones/marble, etc.)

'Fur Trade in Canada'
'Otter Skins, Boston Ships, and China Goods: The Maritime Fur Trade of the Northwest Coast, 1785-1841'
'Nothingness: The Science of Empty Space'

vacuums, glass, heat unable to tranfer across it, plastics that are insulators and biodegradable with a 'key' instead of permanent toxins that are filling up the surface of the oceans with broken plastic grit...


'Men and Whales'
'Olives : The Life and Lore of a Noble Fruit'
'A Century Of War : Anglo-American Oil Politics and the New World Order'

demote carbon burning oil; it's killing the oceans and ourselves, find novel means to keep machinery parts going without lubricants perhaps in the frameworks of the metal as welll (mixing lubricant issues, with self-lubing metals or other gears where the heat slicks them instead of sticks them? I seem to have read something about that before...

30. ABRASIVES (diamond dust, carborundrum, sandpaper, whalebone brushes, steel brushes, etc.)

'Blood Diamonds: Tracing the Deadly Path of the World's Most Precious Stones'
'Glitter & Greed : The Secret World of the Diamond Cartel'
'Rhodes: Race for Africa'
'The Diamond Makers'

synthetic diamond uses perhaps for wider issues to remove lubricant usages. (perhaps lubricants and abrasives admixtures)

31. ELASTICS (rubber, synthetic rubber)

'Noble Obsession: Charles Goodyear, Thomas Hancock, and the Race to Unlock the Greatest Industrial Secret of the Nineteenth Century'
'The Goodyear Story: An Inventor's Obsession and the Struggle for a Rubber Monopoly'

rubber synthetic, find out what it is made of; perhaps different rubbers for the lubricant issues, perhaps liquid rubbers for lubricants that are permanently viscous (perhaps elastics and lubricants)

(ice, caves, chemicals, oils)

'The Frozen Water Trade : A True Story'
'Air-conditioning America: Engineers and the Controlled Environment, 1900-1960'
'Cool Comfort: America's Romance with Air-Conditioning'
'From the Periodic Table to Production: The Life of Thomas Midgley, Jr., the Inventor of Ethyl Gasoline and Freon Refrigerants'
_Cryogenics, by William E. Bryson
_dry ice ideal temporary coolants, disappears into nothing

make uuse of known heating and cooling chemical reactions perhaps in a recycled chemical reaction based engine; (thus mixing consumptive positions of coolants and energy and transportation)

33. AMBIENT HEAT (chemicals, caves, oil, hot springs, tallow, wood fires, antifreeze)

'Cities of Light and Heat: Domesticating Gas and Electricity in Urban America'
_Heat Treatment, Selection, and Application of Tool Steels, by William E. Bryson
_history of microwaves

see coolants above; go through and find and remove poisonous coolants or reactive coolants; ban food based microwaves as destructive of the nutritional value of food, seriously; and perhaps dangerous to eat the foods because of the various chemicals created--the original "safety" tests were done on microwave radiation leakage, instead of on the food; microwaves as culinary ovens were banned by the way in the Soviet Union because of the known health tests on the food items; and complete ambivalant silence on the danger is preferred in the United States and elsewhere...

34. LIGHT (sunlight, wood fires, natural gas, artificial electric light (really thus coming from coal or gas of course--because the electric plants run on them, chemical efflorescence, solar storage batteries that glow at night, oil (whale or abiotic), tallow, magnifying glasses)

'Empires of Light : Edison, Tesla, Westinghouse, and the Race to Electrify the World'
'Glass : A World History'
'Deadly Sunshine: The History And Fatal Legacy Of Radium'
'The Curies : A Biography of the Most Controversial Family in Science'

light from other sources, like a recently chemical "smear" that was mouldable, and when electrified, could simply glow a white light, instead of having bulbs, seriously, thus one could completely remoe the ambient heat dangers of light in many ways; magnifying glass or mirror solar kilns, etc. (mixing light position with ceramics building materials)

35. LIQUIDS (water, wine, sake, beer, cider, milk, tea, coffee, koumiss, etc.)

'The Botany of Desire: A Plant's-Eye View of the World' (for the chapter on apples/cider, amongst others)
'The Alcoholic Republic : An American Tradition '
'The Fluoride Deception'
'MILK: The Deadly Poison'
'Nature's Perfect Food': How Milk Became America's Drink
'Got (Genetically Engineered) Milk? The Monsanto rBGH/BST Milk Wars Handbook'
'Cider, Hard and Sweet: History, Traditions, and Making Your Own'
'Rum: The Epic Story of the Drink That Conquered the World'
'The Untold Story of Milk : Green Pastures, Contented Cows and Raw Dairy Products'
'The Whole Soy Story : The Dark Side of America's Favorite Health Food'
_The Pasteurization of France, by Bruno Latour

demote milk; remove injected flouride from water and remediate it out where it occurs naturally (its a neurotoxin; moreover, it damages bones and teeth through dental flurosis); more Living Machine based water filtering, or, alternatively, UV light filtering instead of waterborne chemicals that should be banned and phased out; liquids and cooking implements/filters/cleansers/concentrators are intimately intertwined--make sure piping as well is without any biobleeding issues particularly in human water consumption); ban soy milk as a recipe for destroying human sexual hormonal balance and stunting little kids and little else; pehraps more unpasturized
milk; proper fodder for animals since people will of course still drink milk despite all the evidence against doing so, simply for cultural habit or in pastoral areas, for convenience


'A Century Of War : Anglo-American Oil Politics and the New World Order'
'Gunpowder: Alchemy, Bombards, and Pyrotechnics : The History of the Explosive That Changed the World'
'Death in the Air: Globalism, Terrorism & Toxic Warfare'
'State Origin : The Evidence of the Laboratory Birth of AIDS'
'Greek Fire, Poison Arrows & Scorpion Bombs: Biological and Chemical Warfare in the Ancient World'
'Planet Earth: The Latest Weapon of War'
'A Most Damnable Invention : Dynamite, Nitrates, and the Making of the Modern World'
'Metal of Dishonor-Depleted Uranium : How the Pentagon Radiates Soldiers & Civilians with DU Weapons'
'Biohazard: The Chilling True Story of the Largest Covert Biological Weapons Program in the World--Told from Inside by the Man Who Ran It'
'The Fly in the Cathedral : How a Group of Cambridge Scientists Won the International Race to Split the Atom'
'From Major Jordan's diaries (The Americanist library) (The Americanist library)'
_Crime and Punishment of I.G. FArben; _Halliburton
_history of the Geneva convention
_hisotry of microwaves

first off, follow Geneva conventions to stop wars on citizenry and permanent environmental damage warfare, which is against the Geneva conventions and is a war crime; ban so called (not!) "depleted" uranium (DU), which actually can have plutonium in it that is about 43,000x more radioactive than uranium, the U.S> designed DU in mind from WWII as a depopulation and environmental warfare weapon, they knew what they were doing; DU by definition is a "war that keeps on killing"--and it breaks the Geneva convention bacause it attacks civilians even after war is supposedly over; ban nuclear weapons; ban HAARP; instead, good use for the military is conducting large scale bioremediation projects in their local polluted watersheds perhaps organized by the state militias instad of large scale destruction projects. Create something they can be proud of for their own health and the health of their children in their areas, instead of something they will mostly live to regret and will maim or kill them in the process.

37. ENERGY (oil, solar, wood, nuclear, hydro/waterpower, charcoal, horse power, human labor, AC electricity, DC electricity, tides, zero-point technology, water based electrolysis engines, electromagnetic dynamos, etc.)

'A Century of War: Anglo-American Oil Politics and the New World Order'
'The Giza Power Plant : Technologies of Ancient Egypt'
'Coal: A Human History'
'The Hunt for Zero Point: Inside the Classified World of Antigravity Technology'
'Stronger than a Hundred Men: A History of the Vertical Water Wheel'
'Energy Non-Crisis'
'From the Periodic Table to Production: The Life of Thomas Midgley, Jr., the Inventor of Ethyl Gasoline and Freon Refrigerants'
'Power from Wind : A History of Windmill Technology'
'The Radiance of France : Nuclear Power and National Identity after World War II (Inside Technology)'
'Drugs, Oil, and War: The United States in Afghanistan, Colombia, and Indochina'
'The History of the Standard Oil Company : Briefer Version'
'Electrifying America: Social Meanings of a New Technology, 1880-1940'
'Free Energy Pioneer: John Worrell Keely'
'The Rebirth of Cold Fusion: Real Science, Real Hope, Real Energy'
'Suppressed Inventions'
_history of microwaves

_Transformations of Slavery: A History of Slavery in Africa
_Slavery: A World History
_Worse than Slavery: Parchman Farm and the Ordeal of Jim Crow Justice
_Prison Nation: The Warehousing of America's Poor, particularly the section "making a buck off the prisoner's back"

tesla machines; Rife machines; Zero-point machines (MEGs); ban and phase out carbon souce uses of coal, oil, gas, nautral gas, kerosine; water wheels on boats; solar sails; wind power--which even by conservative standards can provide around 50 TIMES THE ENERGY REQUIREMENTS OF THE WORLD in just a partial use of known aras of the world; "Coral Castle" in Florida--mysteries of moving stone via viabrational movement is still "lost"; trains are far more efficient means of moving mass bulk items than hundreds of thousands of trucks only, though if trucks were severed from oil/gas this would be different...; biomass wastes of crops into fuel (mixing energy and vegetable based food and garbage--though that may be surreptitiously introducing incenerators once more that should be phased out.


'The Chemical Tree: A History of Chemistry'

find safe cataysts instead of poisonous ones

35. ENERGY STORAGE (batteries, dams, computer memory [from a peculiar physical property of silicon--only discovered in the 1950s], cynanobacteria [currently being multi-linked like silicon substitutes in some experiments], etc.)

'The Ambiguous Frog: The Galvani-Volta Controversy on Animal Electricity'
'Bottled energy: Electrical engineering and the evolution of chemical energy storage (Memoirs series / American Philosophical Society ; v. 148)'
'The Organic Machine : The Remaking of the Columbia River (Critical Issue Book)'
'Silenced Rivers : The Ecology and Politics of Large Dams: Enlarged and Updated Edition'

better batteries; solar batteries; batteries that charge by the movement of the cars wheels themselves perhaps off magnetic turbine principles or something else; (energy storage and transportation can merge; already there are buses that prime their own energy when the wheels run)

39. AESTHETICS (brought into consumption simply because of perceivedbeauty, spirituality, and/or symbolism/ideology interests instead of a ‘material functionality’ prominent in many other consumptive positional categories)

'The Lawn: A History of an American Obsession'
'Tulipomania : The Story of the World's Most Coveted Flower & the Extraordinary Passions It Aroused'
'The Stone of Heaven: Unearthing the Secret History of Imperial Green Jade'
'Opals (Fred Ward Gem Book)'
'When Cats Reigned Like Kings : On the Trail of the Sacred Cats'
_history of selling plants for yards, greenhousing as business

bioregional aesthetics: plants to be pulled into use to maintain ecoregional specificity and show it off; ecological soundness instead of massified aesthetics that destroy across watersheds and demote the environmental variability (and aesthetic variety) of the world; this would of course connect with building materials consumptive position as well

40. CONDUCTORS (electrical/energy transfer faciliation via different levels of impedence/resistance depending on materials, all the way to superconducting materials without impedence/resistance; electricity was moved around 50 years regularly before being used for powering items or lighting or heat)

'The Victorian Internet'
'City of Light : The Story of Fiber Optics (Sloan Technology Series)'
'The Cold Wars: A History of Superconductivity'

41. NONCONDUCTORS (electrical insulation; non electrically conductive materials, rubber, granite, etc.--parallel knowledge of nonconductors is required just as much as conductors for electricity as an energy source.)

'Empires of Light : Edison, Tesla, Westinghouse, and the Race to Electrify the World'
'American Plastic: A Cultural History'
'Noble Obsession: Charles Goodyear, Thomas Hancock, and the Race to Unlock the Greatest Industrial Secret of the Nineteenth Century'
'Of Bicycles, Bakelites, and Bulbs: Toward a Theory of Sociotechnical Change (Inside Technology)'

"untoxic nonconductors"; biodegradable with unlikely chemical key, require plastics that readily disassemble into useful pieces for something else chemical, instad of making toxic items and thinking that is "success"; expand chemical materials science those developmental lines only

42. ENVIRONMENTAL-PROOF/WATERPROOF/AIRTIGHT materials (can be glass as well, plastics, metals, rubber, stoppers, corks, some semi-permeable membranes whether for chemicals or for insects (like screens or mesh)

'Tupperware: The Promise of Plastic in 1950s America'
'Cold War Submarines: The Design and Construction of U.S. and Soviet Submarines'
'Complete Idiot's Guide to Submarines (The Complete Idiot's Guide)'
'The Submarine : A History' (as long as you take the cover-up story of the "Kursk, whose explosion in 2000" with a smile and a large pinch of salt (water))
'NASA and the Space Industry (New Series in NASA History)'
'This New Ocean : The Story of the First Space Age (Modern Library Paperbacks)'

43. SOLVENTS (water, turpentine, benzene, acids, bases, etc.) [99% of water in the USA (I would imagine elsewhere) is used for other things besides drinking)

'Water Follies : Groundwater Pumping and the Fate of America's Freshwaters'
'The Sanitary City : Urban Infrastructure in America from Colonial Times to the Present (Creating the North American Landscape)'
'Water Wars: Privatization, Pollution, and Profit'
'Blue Gold: The Fight to Stop the Corporate Theft of the World's Water'
'Water: The Fate of Our Most Precious Resource'
'Water: A Natural History'
'The Great Thirst: Californians and Water-A History, Revised Edition'
'Cadillac Desert: The American West and Its Disappearing Water'
'Mining California : An Ecological History'

(sealants, glues, cements)

'The history and development of casein glue'
'Handbook of Adhesive Technology, Second Edition'
'They built an industry: The history of the pressure sensitive adhesive roll label industry'
'History of Welding'
_Notes on the history of the acetylene welding torch
_The history of arc welding: An article from: Advanced Materials & Processes
'Solder, its production and application,: With a brief history of tin and lead,'
'Solder Joint Reliability : Theory and applications'
'Solders and Soldering'
'Implementing Lead-Free Electronics (McGraw-Hill Professional Engineering)'
'Electronics Manufacturing : with Lead-Free, Halogen-Free, and Conductive-Adhesive Materials'
'Microvias: For Low Cost, High Density Interconnects'

45. INDUSTRIAL TOOLS/MACHINE TOOLS (industrial tools are tools to make tools, that make precisely measured machines to make identical items en masse only; high strength materials for repetitive actions; concept of replacement parts depends upon materials durable enough to be machined to exact specifications to exactly replace worn out parts. Novel consumptive position only occurred in the early 1800s.)

'From the American System to Mass Production, 1800-1932 : The Development of Manufacturing Technology in the United States (Studies in Industry and Society)'
'Studies in the History of Machine Tools'
'A Nation of Steel : The Making of Modern America, 1865-1925 (Johns Hopkins Studies in the History of Technology)'

look into the toxicity issues here with these in the process; this was typically the origin of the limited "ecological modernization" motifs


'Labyrinths of Iron, a History of the World's Subways: A History of the World's Subways'
'Underground Bases and Tunnels: What Is the Government Trying to Hide?'

47. HUMAN AS DESIGNED COMMODITY (human materialist ideologies like eugenics, DESIGNING PEOPLE, REPLACING PARTS, CREATING GODS, CREATING SLAVES) Different popularized ideologies about people; or, sculpting people to fit particular frameworks; or, popularizing applications of escaping such frameworks. Many people have attempted to create social movements to engineer people for particular political and ideological goals. Origins of Social manipulationor monitoring of human genetics seems exclusively European; some machines are sold that already create cyborgs.

'The Machine in America : A Social History of Technology'
'Biomaterials, artificial organs and tissue engineering (PBK)'
'Machines in Our Hearts : The Cardiac Pacemaker, the Implantable Defibrillator, and American Health Care'
'The Making of the Pacemaker: Celebrating a Lifesaving Invention'
'Dialysing for Life : The Development of the Artificial Kidney'
'A History of Dialysis'
'War Against the Weak: Eugenics and America's Campaign to Create a Master Race'
'The Search for the Manchurian Candidate: The CIA and Mind Control'
'Bluebird : Deliberate Creation of Multiple Personality by Psychiatrists'
'In the Name of Science: A History of Secret Programs, Medical Research, and Human Experimentation'
'Operation Mind Control'
'Virtual Government : CIA Mind Control Operations in America'
'The Scientific Conquest Of Death'
'More Than Human : Embracing the Promise of Biological Enhancement'
'Radical Evolution : The Promise and Peril of Enhancing Our Minds, Our Bodies -- and What It Means to Be Human'
'The Underground History of American Education: A Schoolteacher's Intimate Investigation Into the Problem of Modern Schooling, by John Taylor Gatto'
'The Impact of the Gene: From Mendel's Peas to Designer Babies'
'The Second Creation : Dolly and the Age of Biological Control'
'Fingerprints: The Origins of Crime Detection and the Murder Case that Launched Forensic Science'
'The Virus and the Vaccine : The True Story of a Cancer-Causing Monkey Virus, Contaminated Polio Vaccine, and the Millions of Americans Exposed'
'Vaccine A: The Covert Government Experiment That's Killing Our Soldiers--And Why GI's Are Only The First Victims'
'Spychips : How Major Corporations and Government Plan to Track Your Every Move with RFID'
_tudge on such things
_substite mechanial eye

banning RFID on humans; banning political eugenics practices; banning GMO and terminator technologies; arresting those who employ MKULTRA split personality techniques; expand practices of healing and regrowth (like stem cells) instead of mechanical substition

48. SENSE EXTENSIONS (different from simply communications technology, actually going into human sensory areas that humans are ill equipped to do without aids of some sort--or are they?)

'Glass : A World History'
'The History of the Telescope'
'The Lost History of the Canine Race: Our 15,000-Year Love Affair With Dogs'
_spectrum analysis technology
_psi wars: the CIA's use of psychic remote viewing
_the men who stare at goats:

49. CALCULATION (human minds, abacus, computer, copper, silicon, superconductors, cyanobacteria (yes, the ubiquitous “they” are even making small organic/life based computers now), etc.; a highly polluting industry)

'The Universal History of Computing: From the Abacus to the Quantum Computer'
'The Difference Engine : Charles Babbage and the Quest to Build the First Computer'
'Crystal Fire: The Invention of the Transistor and the Birth of the Information Age (Sloan Technology Series)'
'The Universal History of Numbers : From Prehistory to the Invention of the Computer'
'The Chip : How Two Americans Invented the Microchip and Launched a Revolution'

'ENIAC: The Triumphs and Tragedies of the World's First Computer'
'The Computer from Pascal to von Neumann'
'Engines of Logic: Mathematicians and the Origin of the Computer'
'The Universal Computer: The Road from Leibniz to Turing'
'The Art of Memory'

'The Memory Palace of Matteo Ricci'
'Doing Simple Math in Your Head'
'Arithmetricks : 50 Easy Ways to Add, Subtract, Multiply, and Divide Without a Calculator'
'Speed Mathematics Simplified (Dover Science Books)'
'How to Calculate Quickly : Full Course in Speed Arithmetic'

'Speed Mathematics: Secret Skills for Quick Calculation'
'Vedic Mathematics or Sixteen Simple Mathematical Formulae from the Vedas'
'Vedic Mathematics'
'The Trachtenberg Speed System of Basic Mathematics'
'How to Calculate Quickly : Full Course in Speed Arithmetic'
'The Story of Numbers : How Mathematics Has Shaped Civilization'

human mental improvement instead of consumper dependencies; machine based healful materials instead of the computers that are very polluting at present

50. SOFTWARE (programmed repetitive calculations, changable themselves without changing the machinery; in its early days, the categories of hardware/software were blurred like in the Babbage Machine or Nazi tabulation machines; software as separate could be said to be invented by Jacquard in the early 1800s though it was involving textile warps and woofs 'programming' for complicated weaving patterns--I'm unaware of earlier examples of software, though perhaps something may turn up in the future...)

'Jacquard's Web : How a Hand-Loom Led to the Birth of the Information Age ' [effectively software, via punch cards]
'The Bride of Science: Romance, Reason, and Byron's Daughter'
'The Turk : The Life and Times of the Famous Eighteenth-Century Chess-Playing Machine'
'The Difference Engine : Charles Babbage and the Quest to Build the First Computer' [effectively "hardwired software"--software is the hardware, physically resettable ('reprogrammable') for different mathematical operations]
'IBM and the Holocaust: The Strategic Alliance between Nazi Germany and America's Most Powerful Corporation' [tailor made "hardwired software" programs, via punch cards, Nazi Germany's tailor desired--and IBM tailor made--tabulation machines are the earlier source of all of the WWII era software conceptualization...]
'Dealers of Lightning : Xerox PARC and the Dawn of the Computer Age'
'From Airline Reservations to Sonic the Hedgehog : A History of the Software Industry (History of Computing)'

open source operating systems for computers; privately (i.e., secret) operating systems for mass public computer operating systems is a recipe for technological fascism and a police state as in how Microsoft already has "Homeland Security" contracts to (what else?) spy on everyone through its software...

1. Microsoft's Endless Internet Explorer Holes and their Department of Homeland Security Contract *
2. Microsoft Helps China Censor Bloggers, by Jonathan Watts in Beijing
The Guardian - UK, 6-15-2005
3. Microsoft's Really Hidden Files *
4. Evidence For The Microsoft WinXP Pro Bugging Device, by Mike McCarron *
5. How NSA Access Was Built Into Windows, by Mortose-Mortland *
6. "Congressman from Microsoft Corp.'s home state was criticized by the chairman of a House technology committee for an attack on the free software movement...", D. Ian Hopper, AP Technology Writer 3:45pm Thu Oct 24 '02 and here
7. "Security Report Puts Blame On Microsoft," Washington Post, September 24, 2003
"Schneier said the problem with Microsoft is that it is so intent on being dominant that it designs its systems primarily to keep out competitors, not intruders. "Their goal is to facilitate lock-in" of Microsoft products, he said. here
8. "Microsoft's 'Trusted Computing' makes Bill Gates the lord of your computer,"
by Jason Haas; here
9. "Microsoft Corp. warned Asian governments Thursday they could face patent lawsuits for using the Linux operating system instead of its Windows software. The growing popularity of Linux -- an open-source software that is freely available on the Internet and easily modified by users -- is a threat to the global dominance of Microsoft's Windows." here or here
10. "Warning: Microsoft 'Monoculture', AP, "Dan Geer lost his job, but gained his audience. The very idea that got the computer security expert fired has sparked serious debate in information technology. The idea, borrowed from biology, is that Microsoft has nurtured a software "monoculture" that threatens global computer security. Geer and others believe Microsoft's software is so dangerously pervasive that a virus capable of exploiting even a single flaw in its operating systems could wreak havoc. Just this past week, Microsoft warned customers about security problems that independent experts called among the most serious yet disclosed. Network administrators could only hope users would download the latest patch.
After he argued in a paper published last fall that the monoculture amplifies online threats, Geer was fired by security firm @stake, which has had Microsoft as a major client. Geer insists there's been a silver lining to his dismissal. Once it was discussed on Slashdot and other online forums, the debate about Microsoft's ubiquity gained in prominence...." more here

51. TIMEKEEPING (archaeoastronomy, moons, calendars, mechanical clocks, water clocks, chronometers, Foucault pendulums, cesium atomic clock, etc.)

'Longitude : The True Story of a Lone Genius Who Solved the Greatest Scientific Problem of His Time'
'The Measure of Reality : Quantification in Western Europe, 1250-1600'
'Empires of Time: Calendars, Clocks, and Cultures'
'Time's Pendulum: From Sundials to Atomic Clocks, the Fascinating History of Timekeeping and How Our Discoveries Changed the World'

52. SPACEKEEPING (string, plumb line, geodetic pyramid, compass azimuths, compasses, maps, surveying)

'Secrets of the Great Pyramid'
'The Measure of Reality : Quantification in Western Europe, 1250-1600'
'Civilization One: The World Is Not as You Thought It Was'
'Compass: A Story of Exploration and Innovation'
'Pendulum : Leon Foucault and the Triumph of Science'
'Maps of the Ancient Sea Kings: Evidence of Advanced Civilization in the Ice Age'


'Angels Don't Play This haarp: Advances in Tesla Technology'
'Fer De Lance: A Briefing on Soviet Scalar Electromagnetic Weapons'

use tree covers and other ecological mechanisms to moderate urban storms damage or crop damage and such; design ecological remedaition with living machine principles out in the open instead of "closed off" in buildings

54. MONEY (materials of the commodity in question; politics of who can make, have, or keep money--based on different material choices; rice, metals/coins/bullion, paper, checks, digital transfers, stones, shells, salt, opium, hashish, cocaine, cider, cigarettes, etc)

'Primitive money in its ethnological, historical and economic aspects'
'Millionaire : The Philanderer, Gambler, and Duelist Who Invented Modern Finance'
'Gold Wars: The Battle Against Sound Money As Seen from a Swiss Perspective'

gold currency for store of value issues; remove fiat currencies to keep the financial corruption of government in check; in a theoretical sense, gold is a greater political check and balance between government fiat spending and intentional destruction of consumer savings in the process, versus store of value issues of consumers which should take precedence; however, with so much gold currently in the hands of the IMF and the world's private central banks, this may hardly be an option. First, perhaps the suggestions at the tail end of part 3 of 3 of "The Money Masters" videos would be of use. More appropriate however for more bioregionalist solutions to monetary policy than discussed there, second, state level frameworks of un-debt based currencies--issued by state governments and acceptable for taxation on the state level--as well as federal level notes would be allowed; third, another aid would be if state governments were required to accept various local currencies in different areas within the state as taxation currencies. See the last 25 minutes of this video for the earlier suggestions.

If I have left out a consumptive position, let me know. This list has a tendency to still grow as I simply look around my daily life with more analytical intent on the materials that are moving about me.

Thursday, May 04, 2006

COMMODITY ECOLOGY: From Living Machines "End of Pipe" Dead Ends, to Ecologically Engineering Commodity Interaction for Sustainability in a Watershed

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COMMODITY ECOLOGY: From mere "End of Pipe" Remediation, to Ecological Engineering for a Sustainable Economic Watershed

This section veers outside the formal institutional discussion toward a proposal of how to make economically sustainable frameworks across each watershed in the world. This is done by going further than the "end of pipe" remediation strategies of both ecological modernization as well as Living Machines, toward democratizing a process by which we choose and use materials locally in the first place. Commodity ecology is the local watershed democratization of commodity choice and their interactions.


Most people I know consider that sustainability means only a form of agroecology, socially speaking, a continuation of the whole 1960s ‘back to the land ethic’ revisited--and little else. I have nothing against that, and its very important, though, however, food is only one of the 54 different materials and material choices (or lack of choices!) we consume daily in social relations. Food can hardly be the alpha or omega of a movement of sustainability because it is only a small 1/54th part of commodity relations--however important food is.

What is required is a larger vision and knowledge base for how to integrate all materials in sustainable relationships--instead of only food. This post moves toward that commodity ecology.

First, a commodity ecology of a watershed would integrate all 54 commodity choices. (Just what these 54 are will be addressed in section two.) A commodity ecology will be a human invention of how to interact the 54 different commodity choices we all use worldwide, to fit a variety of different geographic concerns concerning issues of remediation as well as sustainability of commodity choices that potentially can be as different and perfectly suited to each microclimate, soil type, people's political economic local desires, or general ecological specifics for each watershed worldwide. And if they get out of bounds with externalities, there is the political feedback from their neighboring watersheds in the bioregional state as well as from within their own as a political feedback because these watersheds are additionally electoral districts.

I personally see nothing the matter with economic scale expanding outside of a particular watershed (unlike more puritanical foodsheders, for example)--as long as externalities are successfully avoided within their home watershed. The issue of avoiding institutionalizing externalities in the first place is the greater point I think. If people wished to self-limit themselves to exclusively buying and selling within a particular watershed, well, who can or should critique that? That is the point. That is the "local jurisdictional domiance over developmental paths" that is important in the bioregional state. There should be variation within the theme of sustainability. Sustainability is the theme of variability, institutionalized--institutionalized and protected from being undermined from environmentally degradative frameworks of commodity production elsewhere.

Second, as mentioned, this commodity ecology would be done on the criteria to minimize externalities in the beginning by entirely removing the whole category. Instead of a flippant after the fact "end of pipe" concern, materials as a group would be chosen holistically inside the factory wisely through a producerist-consumerist democratic process described below (in section three).

Instead of attempting to deal with pollution politics when pollution has already been institutionalized in the poor choices of material choices in factories via chemical/technological processes used--which puts producers typically at odds with the consumer politics of pollution remediation and safe health, ecology, and economy--instead the 54 different commodity producers get together in the first place led by their vision for sustainability for their watershed. In this sense then the consumer and the producers will be more of one family on the same side. This additionally avoids the trap of institutionalizing a supply versus demand framework of politics that fits much of world history of commodity politics if you look into the political dynamics of environmental degradation--where supply politics and demand politics are at odds with one another.

Third, another criteria of this human invented commodity ecology would be adjudicated on whether producers' commodity choices for their positions can be integrative or supportive--instead of degradative--of the other 53 different commodity choices in a particular watershed.

To do this, it is suggested to institutionalize a producer-consumerist deliberative interaction between all 54 different commodity producers by a regular democratic process of collective work in each watershed to create this commodity ecology as a living practice. Each "watershed of 54 heroes" and their consumer feedback of improvement or critique can be supportive of cobbling together how to institutionalize local developmental paths that are germane and particularly suitable to a watershed. This is done by an open political process to suit and protect each specific waterhsed's contribution to sustainability (which includes preservation of the local interaction of health, ecological security, and economic sustainability).

Each watershed can draw upon the experiences and "commodity ecology" plan of interaction of another watershed for ideas about the interactions in general, though each watershed would have a nugget of 54 interactions of commodities especially suited to its democratic producerist-consumerist process. This interaction of a democratic, watershed-specific developmentalism is where people, in the local area, can have jurisdictional dominance in the oversight of the demotion of their own pollutions and create their own 'local wing' solutions. This is implied in the short definition of the bioregional state. Each watershed has the dominant jurisdiction in its own health, ecological, and economic conerns, though within the larger civil rights rubric of the bioregional state. (See this other post for more details on this point.)

Bioregional democracy (or the Bioregional State) is a set of electoral reforms (and commodity reforms) designed to force the political process in a democracy to better represent concerns about the economy, the body, and environmental concerns (e.g., water quality), toward developmental paths that are locally prioritized and tailored to different areas for their own specific interests of sustainability and durability. This denotes democratic control of a natural commons and local jurisdictional dominance in any economic developmental path decisions--while not removing more generalized civil rights protections of a larger national state.


The challenge of sustainability is to integrate ourselves into ecology politically, with the mental focus that people used to devote to thinking up novel cogwheels or flywheel designs for clocks or heavy machinery. Instead, a means is required where we can integrate our politics and consumption into ecologically durable relationships, because it is the organization of our consumption choices that pays little heed to this which leads to environmental degradation and habitat destruction--instead of our consumption by definition in the abstract per se. However, a vocabulary for commodity ecology is lacking for the most part. I hope to provide a few ideas below for that by a comparison with some ideas that have been toyed with approaching commodity ecology without touching on it. I will show that each lack crucial material and/or socio-political insights that makes them far from sufficient for achieving sustainability as commodity ecology would. These insufficiencies relate to their lack of appreciation of socio-political instituional dynamics and/or knowledge of the major 54 commodity choice puzzle pieces. Many still view commodities as neutral abstracts. However, materials are always politically informed choices which have very different material and political ramifications.

As an introduction to commodity ecology and what I would call its applied science of ecological engineering, there are several different strategies aired in the past 20 years where I think all this is leading.

The mental prowess now required is for raising a generation of "ecological engineers." This desire--actually this requirement--for sustinabilty means that such "ecological engineering" of human and environment to take each other into account from the start by knowing of the biological issues and material science issues and social science issues of each item chosen. Ecological engineering would ponder the long term iterative health, ecological, and econmic durability issues with each policy, commodity choice, technology, or formal institutional design change, and how each change whether biological, physical or social will give rise to a whole different kind of interaction in a particular watershed.

Showing how these four variables of ecological engineering would interact:

1. This means knowing how each policy influences commodity choice, technology, or formal institutional design issues over time.

2. This means knowing how each commodity choice influences policy, technology, or formal institutional design issues over time.

3. This means knowing how each technology influences policy, commodity choice, or formal institutional design moves over time.

4. This means knowing how formal institutional democratic change influences policy, commodity choice, and technology over time. (Toward a Bioregional State has typically concentrated on #4 as a form of ecological engineering. There is plenty of room for others working on #s 1,2 and 3.)

It means understanding how the social, biologial, and physical interact in the real world in any phenomena instead of pretending that there is a division between these topics as in much academic discussion which pretends that there is a set of phenomena that is "social" over here, a set of phenomena that is "biological" over there, and a set of phemonena that is "physcical" somewhere else. A lot of UNsustainability is caused by ignorance of "interscientific" interactions in all phenomena.


This style of thought of ecological engineering has only scratched the surface with those biologists and ecologists toying around with "living machines." This is a very novel use of a nascent "applied ecology", though it has only started from the 1990s.

The concept of living machines represents a particularly interesting variant on intelligent machines, and has mostly been associated with water treatment systems that make use of [humanly assembled off known ecological relationships into "machine ecologies" that have a human designed product outcome, particularly in..] their natural bioremediation processes such as wetlands to remove contaminants from sewage and other waste water sources. The earliest living machines were developed and designed by John Todd and Nancy Jack Todd of Ocean Arks International, beginning in the 1990s. [*]

A particularly claustrophobic party-piece "living machine" would be those blown glass globes with fish that live their lives trapped inside them. The living fish are balanced in a closed sphere: where percentages of water, air, carbon dioxide scrubbers of algae, and carbon soruces of fish are a "human manufactured ecology" that existed first in the human mind before being artificially constructed as a machine in the glass globe. I dislike any species being forced into a mere adjuct of another's mental game, though this is a good description. Read the whole page if you are curious:

A Living Machine (capital letters, it's a patented invention) is a series of tanks teeming with live plants, trees, grasses and algae, koi and goldfish, tiny freshwater shrimp, snails, and a diversity of microorganisms and bacteria. Each tank is a different mini-ecosystem designed to eat or break down waste [from the previous process tank, arranged in a series from closed anerobic reactions first to increasingly more open to the air tanks]. The process takes about four days to turn mucky water crystal clear. It is chemical-free, odor-free (with the exception perhaps of the sweet fragrance of flowers), and, compared to conventional waste treatment, it costs less financially and ecologically. [*]

And more on John Todd from Wikipedia is useful to summarize here to understand the background of this "first step" toward ecological engineering moving from "end-of-pipe ecologies" to wholesale ecological interaction intent that many oceanographers want to turn all fisheries management into immediately.

Dr. John Todd (1939- ) is an important biologist working in the field of ecological design. His ideas often involve applications that make use of alternative technologies. His principle interests include solving the problems of food production and waste-water processing. As an author, he has presented the outcome of the work that he and colleagues have undertaken in a series of books, as well as in the requisite scientific papers. Todd was born in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada in 1939. He earned his B.Sc. (1961) in agriculture and his M.Sc. (1963) in parasitology and tropical medicine at McGill University in Montreal, Quebec, after which he did doctoral work in fisheries and oceanography at the University of Michigan. His early professional interest, involving the behavioral ecology of fish, was the basis of his work as an assistant professor of ethology at San Diego State University (1968-1970), after which he joined the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in Woods Hole, Massachusetts, as an assistant scientist. Todd's wife, Nancy Jack Todd, trained as a dancer and is a skilled writer and editor. She has edited and added introductions to many of John Todd's books, and co-written the most recent. Back in the Woods Hole days, John had begun to develop his ideas about how complicated biological food chains worked, and in their conversations Nancy wondered if ecological concepts could serve people's needs. She suggested science needed "a human face." In 1969 the Todds co-founded the New Alchemy Institute to do both fundamental research into aspects of biology and deciplines as well as to apply biological science to technology. Todd and colleagues have designed miniature ecosystems, largely self-perpetuating, which bring ecological principles into service of human requirements. Besides designing and prototyping food-producing systems and approaches for communities of people, this work has resulted in innovative new approaches to processing sewage and industrial waste water. Todd's approach has involved applications of micro-organisms, fish, and plants (phytoremediation).

Todd and colleagues have developed what they call "living machines." In principle, a living machine is an ecologically engineered technology developed to restore, conserve, or remediate sewage or other polluted water, by replicating and accelerating the natural purification processes of streams, ponds and marshes. In practical application, a living machine is a self-contained treatment system designed to treat a specific waste stream using the principles of ecological engineering. It does this by using diverse communities of bacteria and other microorganisms, algae, plants, trees, snails, fish and other living creatures.

John Todd developed a greenhouse waste treatment plant in Cape Cod that yields clean water from sewage. Bacteria consume the organic sewage and turn ammonia into nitrates. The nitrates are used as food for algae and fertilizer for duckweed. Zooplankton and snails consume the algae. Fish eat the zooplankton. Floating plants soak up the leftovers. Bulrushes, cattails, and hyacinths render the toxins harmless. Trees absorb heavy metals. The byproducts are decorative plants and minnows, both of which are sold. The minnows are sold as bait fish. Aquatic plants, raised in the system's open-air lagoons for sewer treament, are used in California, Florida, and Mississippi. Todd's "living machine" system makes it possible to do all this in the colder northern climates. The town of Harwich, Massachusetts began using Todd's system in 1990. Todd served as the New Alchemy Institute's President until 1981. In 1980, he co-founded Ocean Arks International. He also co-founded Living Technologies Inc., an ecological design, engineering, and construction firm in Burlington, Vermont. From 1999 he has been Research Professor & Distinguished Lecturer at the University of Vermont. While Todd has pursued much of his work with the developing world in mind, applications for the benefit of industrialized and affluent societies have been part and parcel. [*]

Ecological engineering is one step onward and even the inverse. Instead of "bring ecological principles into service of human requirements" (living machines), ecological engineering would entail bringing human requirements into the seamless service of ecological principles, for both ecological and human benefits. This means commodity design itself with ecological interactions in mind BEFORE IT IS INSTITUTIONALIZED, instead of simply end of pipe remediation concerns of still poisonous commodities. It is similar to both living machines end-of-pipe frameworks though is closer to how to expand Gaviotas-style framework on a much larger or more durable basis. Gaviotas approches true applied ecological engineering, though it is missing how such relationships could ever be scaled or shared or instituted beyond a coterie of willing activists. Gaviotas is missing (as it sadly notes) the institutionalized forms for how to deal with the corrupt state foisted environmental degradation around it and the lack of public particpation and upkeep around seeded technologies that has caused it to fail when shared outside the small Gaviotan compound of commodity interaction. The bioregional state formal institutional design for democracy would be one means to expand Gaviotas frameworks anywhere in the world, by tackling and institutionaling the politics that would help perpetuate a commodity ecology plan like Gaviotas, within each watershed.

Ecological engineering means attempting to link up all of the different humanly produced commodity uses across different areas that would innately have different relational solutions, into similar though site specific and ecologically sound framework of interactions and hand offs. This would be done in the real world similar to how living machines perform this hand off in an "artificial ecological" world.

The real challenge of ecological engineering is one step beyond "living machine" design which has a very suspicious pro-corporate "end of the pipe" regulatory attitude about it: let us keep polluting and perhaps polluting even more. A green-on-the-outside coating of an unsustainable framework is still an unsustainable framework though. Living machines are a party-piece at worst, or an ecological-only framework at best for exclusively "end of pipe solutions"--a phrase I would consider an tautologous oxymoron if ever there was one.

I personally have seen a living machine "working" in a Wisconsin dairy. It was quite beautiful. It involved a rather large greenhouse of multiple water tanks, and snails. There were chemical remediation choices based on types of synergistic grasses, fish, and other species which become the novel cogwheels, flywheels, and steam engines of a remediation plant. The builder/operator of the living machine told us that the only time it ever broke down when he fed into it GMO-fed dairy cow milk wastes in a typically organic milk operation. That is interesting, eh?

I'm glad there are some already working on such issues, though it is required to go much further.

Toward A Bioregional State is really a form of nascent ecological engineering I suppose: the first attempt to stop tagging ecology on "end of pipe" issues like the one above. The point of the bioregional state is to evaluate the larger long term iterative historical dynamics of our previously existing whole political economic and state design frameworks as interactive all the while, and to daily integrate the ecologcial feedback that has been ignored into our political dynamics as one of many required ecological checks and balances.

For our durability as much as ecological soundness, it is required to fit ourselves institutionally into ecological specificities and respect ecological interactions and build upon them. Instead of build against these reactions or always having the larger human world on the outside designing the 'living machine,' make our development ethic as geographically specific and geographically durable of ecological specifics as possible, instead of considering the environment simply a backdrop. Instead, we are in the picture itself.

My horse clip-clopping
over a field...oh ho! I'm
part of the picture!
-- Basho

If living machines maintain the same false separation between the ecological and the social while making the first step toward using living machines to integrate one aspect of the social (in externaities remediation), then "ecological modernization" is a half step more: an interest in turning externalities back onto themselves into novel items for sale, by removing the whole concept of an "end of pipe" anywhere in the equation, it always being piped back into some other form.

Taking a full step beyond ecological modernization would be ecological engineering--when tools for those interested in sustainablity cease to be categorized as environmental or social because the point is superfluous--where there are 54 basic tools to use instead: the 54 different types of commodities and how to select wisely between them to integrate them into ecological engineering dynamics in particular watersheds, in the first place. Instead of simply juggling externalities and outputs like ecological modernization mostly does, or instead of simply green-on-the-outside remediation of "end of pipe" frameworks like living machines, ecological engineering would juggle inputs as well, choosing particular inputs wisely in the start to maintain geographic local health, ecological, and economic durability to minimize the whole concept of dangerous externalities that require remediation in the first place. Successful ecological engineering would put living machines out of a job in other words because there would nothing bad left to remediate. The commodity ecology in which we already live would have avoided the issue in the first place in its choices.

This would mean removing many high political raw material regimes that have enshrined themselves as inputs, and that is why commodities are always political.

Ecological modernization mostly veers away from thinking of how many of the commodities that are institutionalized are a variable in their design concepts. This is a flaw. Another flaw is that their frameworks are almost entirely materialistic--ignoring the effect that politics and subsides have on keeping a bad commodity choice in place, and instead they simply attempting to treat environmental degradation as a material phenomenon, when it is a politial phenomenon, and a political phenomenon of commodity choice and enshrinement. This over emphasis on material dynamics only, I believe, is a social design flaw on the otherwise astounding Gaviotas--because Gaviotas-style dynamics work. Only when they come against the larger state around them and the institutionalized environmental degrdation from the political organizationn of society, they struggle

Ecological modernization struggles around with externalities instead of addressing the main issue of inputs in the first place, simiar to Gaviotas-style attempts: simply switch to another commodity choice, and work from something sounder in the first place that can maximize other commodity productions sustainability, then attempt to interlink them. In other words, for all its worth, ecological modernization still has an antiquated "end of pipe" view of the socio-ecological-economic world. Instead, this requires reaching into questions of how politics influences certain material durabilities and demotes sustainability if ideas for sustainability are simply couched as offering "best material practices only." As Gaviotas shows, simply offering "best material sustainable practices" materially sidesteps the political issues at root in unsustainability. There are political issues to unsustainable in particular material supports that all the "best practices" in the world will fail to remove by themselves--with recorse to changed formal political institutions to stop unsustainable practices from starting in the first place. Different political frameworks would help change them toward sustainabilty. It is important to look at "material" choices as very ideologically and politically driven instead of something irrevocably given, economic, or neutral.

Thus, from ecological modernization toward ecological engineering, finding different material choices in the first place that demote externalities is fair game as well. Instead, these 54 tools of an ecological engineer are the commodity input choices themselves (and their technolgical interacitons and their externalities) and how to integrate them sustainability into each other in a "living social-ecological machine" of 54 differnt commodty paths, each with geographic specificity, and each attempting to maximize the interconnections of the other 53 social groups working in these commodity choices to see that their own interest is served by working together with the others to integrate themeslves, while listening to consumers on how to do it as well.

However, instead of an ecological engineer who forces a plan down upon an area, he or she would only provide venues and principles for those innately involved in the 54 commodity production areas so that they themselves could find their own geographically specific mechanisms to do it for themselves, as well as to have consumer input into the whole frameworks that equally affect everyone.

They are alrady about to move to this ecological engineering "ecosystem paradigm" of fisheries management, i.e., managing all different fish commodities simultaneously for their interactions instead of separately.

Hixon tells me that we need a Kuhnian paradigm shift in fisheries management. Current managers learned single-species management, and they’re resistant to changing that, even though it seldom works.” [Just as 54 different 'end of pipe' remdiation strategies seldom works all on their own.] A scientific consensus signed by him and 218 other scientists and policy experts pleads for an updated approach: “From a scientific perspective, we now know enough to improve dramatically the conservation and management of marine systems through the implementation of ecosystem-based approaches.” ["The Fate of the Oceans"]

The suggestion of the bioregional state is that we require an equal ecosystem paradigm of commodities production on land--for the relations of rural land, urban infrastructure, and their interactions as well. If I had my way, all urban planners would be trained in ecology and commercial geography as a background. All environmental management personnel would get a training in environmental sociology of commodities, etc. It's the divisions of knowledge that is killing us, and the divisions across attempting to manage artificially "separate" commodities. The lack of overview systematic appraisals of how much we know already is killing us.

More on that in the next post for how this would apply to land. Humorously, pre-requisites are to read one book from all 52 categories of the commodity biography bibliography. (I'm going to add two more I've left out.) :-) Then, attempt to think how they could be physically, socially, and politically interelated in your own watershed. Which ones would you choose for a particular watershed? What are the criteria? How would you create a watershed-specific ecology of multiple commodity production? What kind of institutions does that entail to make it self-monitoring and durable, as well as to keep unsustainable raw material regimes choices of corrupt politics politically out?

If you fix the corruptions of the land state and its crony materials in other words, sustainability of the oceans will more automatically follow. If we can learn about ecological engineering from the oceans, the dynamics of understanding the process on land will be that much easier.

Section two here

[more to come...]